Saturday, July 18, 2020

Desalination Challenges And Prospective , Study Case The United Arab

Desalination Challenges And Prospective , Study Case The United Arab Desalination: Challenges And Prospective , Study Case: The United Arab Emirates â€" Thesis Example > Chapter 1:The Global Challenges of Desalination1.1 Fresh water stress: outlook of fresh water in the world The European Environment Agency (2016) defines freshwater stress as a measure of the strain that freshwater extraction for utility in diverse economic sectors puts on freshwater resources. On the other hand, the United Nations describes freshwater scarcity as a significant risk factor across all societies, as t contributes to extended systemic challenges like poor urban planning, extensive poverty, financial pressures on government institutions and structures and degradation of the environment. Cases of extreme water stress can lead to competition for the scarce water resources among users, and ultimately to a minimized water accessibility to downstream users, particularly during periods of drought or low water flow. A global outlook of the global freshwater situation by Few Resources (2016) reveals that only 2.5 percent of the entire water on the Earth surface is could be con sidered to be freshwater. Few Resources (2016) further reveals that a majority of the amount of amount of water is saline water, which is in the oceans. Some 30.1 percent of the 2.5 percent of the freshwater is groundwater found in aquifers. An additional 68.6% of the freshwater is from polar caps and glaciers, while a mere 1.3 percent of originates from rivers and lakes (See Figure 1) (Few Resources 2016). This implies that humans face significant freshwater scarcity, as they mostly rely on groundwater and surface water from rivers and lakes. Figure 1: Distribution of Earth's water (Few Resources 2016)In another study by Unesco (2015) of the distribution of water resources globally, it was concluded that runoff water and water from precipitation is unpredictable, as different regions of the earth receive diverse quantities of freshwater annually. Unesco further revealed that the increasing climate change was actually exacerbating the risks linked to the disparities in freshwater resource distribution and accessibility. Figure 2: Renewable water resources per capita in 2013 (UNESCO 2015). The increased water temperatures because of warmer climate that result from climate change and increased release of waste heat is also projected to reduce accessibility to freshwater by increased forms of water pollutions, including release of salts and pesticides, nutrients and dissolved sediments and thermal pollution. Greater focus has, therefore, been on groundwater as it has a significant function in diversifying freshwater supply. According to UNESCO (2015), of the overall global population, some 2.5 billion people are wholly dependent on groundwater resources for use. Despite this, there is a concern that the currently available groundwater resources are becoming increasingly depleted because of increased human population and their reduced rate of replenishment rates (El-Shamy Said 2014). The depletion rate of the groundwater is estimated to be at least 20 percent due to over-exploitation. This has led to severe implications, including intrusion into salt water and subsidence of land. There is a significant decline in the levels of groundwater globally. For instance, the withdrawal of freshwater in the Arabian Peninsula for instance is was approximated to be 505%, as a fraction of renewable water resources internally. Unesco (2015) also estimated that the overall quantity of groundwater footprint is nearly 3.5 times the size of aquifers, while some 1.7 billion people current reside in regions where they are at risk of freshwater scarcity because of depleted groundwater resources. On the other hand, some 80% of aquifers contain groundwater footprint estimated to be less than their regions. This implies that the net global value is depended on the few available yet immensely overused aquifers.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

My Career As A Firefighter Essay - 1822 Words

In our professions, like in life, we hit crossroads. These crossroads sometimes lead us to better things and other times to dead ends. My career started in nursing due to one of those crossroads. Way before I wanted to do nursing, in college, I followed my own personal philosophy to do whats best for me, no matter what, but I soon realized I had no passion or interest in where my life was going. I was not fulfilled or happy with my accomplishments. I decided to start over, as many of us do at thaty age and accidently started my career as a firefighter. While I worked as a firefighter, I felt I received undeserved respect. Friends and family were proud to brag about my career, but again I didn’t feel full filled. I am grateful for the opportunity I received however after so many years as a firefighter Ive grown to realize the reason I was not happy, was due to the culture/philosophy. They always spoke as if it was us against the world, we were a family outsiders were not welco med easy, and in a way we segregated ourselves from the rest of the world. The fire department had its own politics, its own rules. As a young single adult I loved it, I had somebody always there to pick up the pieces or vice versa. Still, I knew something was wrong, something was missing. I became a paramedic while still at the fire department and I fell in love with the medical field. It was all easy for me at first, I became one of the top medics and quickly people above noticed and I startedShow MoreRelatedWhat Makes A Firefighter?1453 Words   |  6 PagesFirefighter Firefighting is a hard job with long hours and typically long hours off as well. Firefighters are responsible for saving people’s lives and rescuing people who are trapped inside blazing fires. â€Å"Roman Emperor Augustus created regulations for checking and preventing fires they were known as the watchmen.The equipment used in early modern times and ancient Rome was very basic. Their method was very time consuming and most of the water was lost while it bounced around being passed† (â€Å"HistoryRead MoreWhat Makes A Firefighter?1452 Words   |  6 PagesFirefighting is a hard job with long hours and typically long hours off as well. Firefighters are responsible for saving people’s lives and rescuing people who are trapped inside blazing fires. â€Å"Roman Emperor Augustus created regulations for checking and preventing fires they were known as the watchmen.The equipment used in early modern times and ancient Rome was very basic. Their method was very time c onsuming and most of the water was lost while it bounced around being passed† (â€Å"History of FireFighting†)Read MoreWhy Firefighters Are Responsible For Protecting People s Lives And Property From The Hazards Of Fire Emergencies1330 Words   |  6 Pages Firefighter Firefighters are responsible for protecting people s lives and property from the hazards of fire and emergencies. Firefighters do more than just put out fires, they respond to different medical calls such as traffic accidents, and just other emergencies where they are normally the first on the scene. The first permanent firefighting company in the United states was formed by Benjamin Franklin in philadelphia in 1706 (Cosgrove). From horse drawn steam hand pumped engines to stateRead MoreEssay Why I want To Be A Firefighter1008 Words   |  5 PagesFirefighting is a career that can make you feel proud and accomplished, and it is a career in which I have a lot of respect for. In order to be a firefighter you must be in shape, prepared, experienced, and ready to deal with your job emotionally as well as physically. I chose to be a firefighter because I want to be able to help others and make them feel safe to live in their communities. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;After visiting some actual fire departments, I realized as a firefighter you certainlyRead MoreStatement of Purpose for the Occupation of Obstetrician/Gynecologist or a Firefighter1064 Words   |  4 PagesObstetricians/Gynecologists and firefighters are occupations crucial to the United States because they offer safety and medical assistance to the citizens. Both careers require the ability to work in stressful situations and have medical knowledge. The jobs also consist of long work shifts. These qualities grab my attention due to the fact that I like to work with others, enjoy managing people, and respond well to high-stress situations. I am willing to take risks and I describe myself as ambitiousRead MoreThe Problem Of A Firefighter1373 Words   |  6 PagesSummary:There are people in this country who want to be firefighters but the problem is they don t know if the want to pursue this career in a large city or a small town. I m proposing whether it s b etter to be a firefighter in a large city like Kansas City or a firefighter in a small town like Jefferson City. I m proposing this to anyone who might want to be a firefighter, also whether it is better to live in Kansas City or Jefferson City. The cost of important things like utilities, housingRead MoreA Brief Note On Firefighter And The Firefighters1583 Words   |  7 PagesLuis Carlos Mrs. Dennaoui English 12 23 April 2015 Firefighter How would you feel if your house was on fire, and you had no one to come help and you were on your own? Most people would panic and not know which steps to take next. This is where the strong and brave men called firefighter come in to play. Firefighters are taught to use a variety of techniques to control dangerous fires and to limit the damage caused by them. Their main objective is to shut down the fires as quickly and safely as possibleRead MoreMy Job As A Firefighter And An Emergency Technician1508 Words   |  7 PagesStatement Throughout my job as a firefighter and an emergency medical technician I have learned that working with patients in a medical setting requires patience, compassion, and quick decision-making skills. These work experiences have guided me to develop a strong passion for medicine and a desire to begin a career as a nurse. The positive aspects of the job and the hardships I have faced carved a path that guided me to pursue research and internship opportunities that align with my goal to seek advancedRead MoreThe Effects Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder1302 Words   |  6 Pagesworkers, the second was 421 medical workers, and the third was 327 firefighters. All were given a self-administered questionnaire. The results indicate that higher levels of depression are more significant in medical personnel versus firefighters (Sakuma, 2015) Psychological According to research conducted by insert names here, pre-employment personality traits can easily predict posttraumatic stress symptoms among firefighters and military as the symptoms develop. Job duration and heightenedRead MoreWhat Is A Woman s Job Or A Man?1419 Words   |  6 Pagesvictims of the stereotype that each gender should stick to their own â€Å"gender roles.†    Women for decades, even throughout history have been underestimated. In our society today it is proven that women can do jobs as well as men can, women are firefighters, police officers, lawyers, construction workers and are even presidents. In the past many cultures such as the Ancient Egypt, women were the ones made the families clothes and prepared food such as grinding grain to flour to make bread, and as

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Descartes Argument of God - 1540 Words

God Does Not Necessarily Have to Exist In Descartes’ Meditations, he makes the strong claim that God must exist. I will first explain what Descartes’s argument for God’s existence is, and then I will attempt to support the argument that God does not need to necessarily exist through objections and replies. Premise 1: â€Å"We have an idea of God as an infinite and perfect being.† First, Descartes believes that there are properties that are inherently perfect. For example, being good is a perfection while being bad is an imperfection. A perfect being has all the perfections as properties. We have an idea of such a being as God. Premise 2: â€Å"Our minds are not infinite.† To begin this argument, Descartes entertains the idea that he cannot†¦show more content†¦Many depictions of God is a perfect human being, and it is not uncommon for one to imagine what a perfect person would possess. The thought is then transformed in an idea of a being whose properties are perfect in every wa y. This way, the imperfect human would have something to strive for. So the idea of God is simply a collection of ideas, who does not have an infinite amount of objective reality. Therefore, since the objective reality of God is not infinite, humans could have been the creators of the idea, granted that an effect must have as much reality as its cause. Here, Descartes might entertain the idea that God could be a creation of humans, and therefore he does not necessarily have to exist. So God does not exist, but we can agree that God is the idea of a perfect being. Existence, however, is a perfection. But God now lacks a perfection by non-existence. The perfect being now lacks a perfection. The perfect being is imperfect. Therefore, the argument is a contradiction and God must exist. With this indirect argument, I would like to challenge the premise that existence is a perfection. Descartes grants the idea that God does not necessarily need to exist, and he even says that God does not exist. So, my objection here is that a thing cannot possess a property or characteristic if it does not exist. Essentially, to have something, one must need to exist in the first place. In other words, the prerequisite for perfection is toShow MoreRelatedDescartes Argument For God s Existence Of God Essay1103 Words   |  5 Pagespaper, I offer a reconstruction of Descartes argument for God’s existence in the Third Meditation. Descartes tries to prove the existence of God with an argument that proceeds from the clear and distinct idea of an infinite being to the existence of himself. He believes that his clear and distinct idea of an infinite being with infinite â€Å"objective reality† leads to the occurrence of the â€Å"Special Causal Principle†. I will sta rt by discussing and analyzing Descartes clear and distinct idea of an infiniteRead MoreDescartes Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God1302 Words   |  6 PagesShields Word Count: 10/30/2014 Descartes’ Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The Ontological Argument for the existence of God is an a priori argument that aims to demonstrate that God’s real-world existence follows necessarily from the concept of God. In Meditation V of Discourse on Methods and Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes presents his version of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God. In this essay, I will argue that this argument fails because necessary existenceRead MoreDescartes Second Argument For The Existence Of God1642 Words   |  7 PagesPaper: Descartes’ Second Argument for the Existence of God As with almost all of Descartes inquiries the roots of his second argument for the existence of God begin with his desire to build a foundation of knowledge that he can clearly and distinctly perceive. At the beginning of the third meditation Descartes once again recollects the things that he knows with certainty. The problem arises when he attempts to clearly and distinctly understand truths of arithmetic and geometry. Descartes has enoughRead MoreDescartes Argument for the Existence of God Essay1167 Words   |  5 Pages Descartes employs what is known as an ontological argument to prove the existence of God. Saint Anselm who lived during the 11th century first formulated this type of argument. Since then it has proved popular with many philosophers including Rene` Descartes. Even though ontological arguments have lost popularity with modern philosophers there has been some recent attempts to revive them. Descartes formulation is regarded as being one of the best because it is straight forward and relativelyRead MoreDescartes s Argument On The Existence Of God1834 Words   |  8 PagesIn A Discourse on the Method, Descartes attempted to prove the existence of God in a priori manner. He did not trust his own senses when trying to prove the existence of God and therefore he relied on the ontological argument. By making the same assumption made by Anselm, which was that an ontological argument assumes that existence is a predicate of God, Descartes is able to conclude that ‘God exists’ is true by definition because the subject ‘God’, who already contains all perfections, alreadyRead More Renà © Descartes Argument on the Existence of God Essay1528 Words   |  7 PagesRenà © Descartes Argument on the Existence of God The problem with Renà © Descartes argument about the existence of God has to do with his rationalist deductive reasoning. Descartes deduces that truth about the existence of God lies within his idea of a perfect God and Gods essence (as a perfect being who must exist in order to be perfect). A rationalist philosopher, Descartes discounts human knowledge as a product of our sensory data (our senses) but supports the epistemological stance thatRead MoreComparing Aquinas And Descartes Arguments For The Existence Of God766 Words   |  4 PagesAquinas and Descartes both have arguments for the existence of God, with some similarities and a multitude of differences. Descartes presents two major premises in his argument with his degrees of reality principle and his casual adequacy principle. It is possible for Descartes to be influenced by Aquinas, but the arguments for the same thing differ greatly that even if any inspiration Descartes could have pulled from Aquinas work is minimal, to say the least. Comparing Aquinas and Descartes they bothRead MoreEssay about The Existence of God: the Arguments of Locke and Descartes965 Words   |  4 Pages Descartes believes that Gods existence is clear and distinct. God exists because the thought of God is derived from a completely clear and distinct idea from within his being (which he concedes is a thinking being). Having come from distinct thoughts, the idea of God can therefore never be considered a falsity. From this very distinct idea of God comes everything else that one grasps distinctly and clearly. He states, From the fact that I cannot think of God not existing, it followsRead MoreDescartes Meditation Iii1297 Words   |  6 PagesPhilosophy Descartes tries to prove the existence of God in the third meditation. He does this by coming up with several premises that eventually add up to a solid argument. First, I will explain why Descartes ask the question, does god exist? And why does Descartes think he needs such and argument at this point in the text. Secondly, I will explain, in detail, the arguments that Descartes makes and how he comes to the conclusion that God does exist. Next, I will debate some of Descartes premisesRead MoreDescartes Meditations On First Philosophy1712 Words   |  7 PagesDescartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) contains six Meditations. In the first two of these Descartes addresses doubt and certainty. By the end of the second Meditation Descartes establishes the possibility of certainty by concluding that he is a â€Å"thinking thing† and that this is beyond doubt. Having established the possibility of certainty, Descartes attempts to prove the existence of God. The argument he presents in the Third Meditation for the existence of God has been nicknamed the

Delhi Police Achievement Free Essays

string(45) " GRUESOME MURDER CASE WORKED OUT IN NO TIME\." DATED 09/01/2013 PRESS RELEASE  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   CENTRAL DISTRICT GANG OF INTERSTATE CHEATS INVOLVED IN INTERNET BANKING FRAUD BUSTED : FOUR ARRESTED With the arrest of (1) Ajay Kumar Mishra, aged about 45 years s/o Parmeshwar Mishra r/o WZ-823, Palam, Village, Delhi, permanent address Add:- VPO PS- Jainagar, Madhubani (Bihar), (2) Binay Kumar, aged about 35 years s/o Harish Chand r/o A-166, Devali road, Khanpur, Delhi,  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   permanent address VPO- Kaitpwar, PS –Sakatpur, Darbhanga (Bihar), (3) Ravi Shankar Pandey, aged about 45 years r/o A-63, near Rama Public School, New Gopal Nagar Extn. Najafgarh, Delhi and (4) Jitender Kumar, aged about 40 years s/o S. R. We will write a custom essay sample on Delhi Police Achievement or any similar topic only for you Order Now Suman r/o 38/11, A Block, Amrit Vihar, Burari, Delhi, Central District has busted a cheating racket which had cheated several businessmen by cracking the passwords of their bank Accounts and subsequently transferring huge amounts through internet transactions and RTGS transfer in various Accounts and by subsequently withdrawing the amount from these accounts located in different parts of the country. INCIDENT On 03-01-13, one Sh. Ravi Gupta, owner of a Metal Firm having his office in the area of P. S. Pahar Ganj gave a complaint that Rs. fifteen lakhs have been transferred from his Account illegally through Electronic Transferring System. On this, a case vide FIR No. 02/13 u/s 420 IPC was registered at P. S. Pahar Ganj and the investigation was taken up. TEAM A team comprising of Inspr. Suresh Kaushik, SHO/Pahar Ganj, SI Vinay Kumar, SI Dharmender Kumar, HC Satpal and Ct. Chand Ram was constituted under the supervision of Sh. Anil Kapoor, ACP/Pahar Ganj   /Central Districts to apprehend the culprits. INVESTIGATION During the course of investigation, it was revealed that the money had been transferred from the account of the complainant to different Accounts of Delhi, Lucknow and Agra. It was further revealed that Rs. seven lakhs had already been withdrawn from ICICI Bank Green Park Branch where a total of Rs. ten lakhs were transferred. Sources were deployed to apprehend the accused persons as   it was suspected that they would approach the bank to withdraw the remaining amount. On 04-01-2013, on the basis of secret information, accused Jitender Kumar and Binay Kumar Mishra were apprehended by the police team from ICICI Bank Green Park Branch, Delhi when they were trying to withdraw the remaining amount cheated from the account of accused Jitender Kumar. During the interrogation, it was revealed that the accused are the members of an interstate gang, who were operating in Delhi. The accused persons used to take instructions from their accomplices namely Ajay Mishra and Ravi Shanker Pandey. It was further revealed that accused Jitender Kumar and Binay Kumar Mishra were assigned the task to arrange for operational Accounts of different persons in different Banks all over India from where money could be transferred and the same could be withdrawn immediately even before the victim came to know about the illegal transaction from his Account. At the instance of accused Jitender Kumar and Binay Kumar Mishra, accused Ajay Kumar and Ravi Shanker Pandey were apprehended by the police team from Dwarka and Najafgarh respectively. Ajay Kumar and Ravi Shanker Pandey are the operational members of the gang. At the instance of accused Jitender Kumar and Binay Kumar Mishra, Rs. 30,000/- cash has been recovered and the Bank Account where cheated money more than Rs. four lakhs had been deposited has been frozen. Further investigation / interrogation is in progress. MODUS OPERANDI The members of the gang have thorough knowledge and understanding of Internet Banking. They used to hack the computers of different companies having their current Accounts in Multi National Banks. Once they used to get the user name and password of Account through hacking, they used to track the major transaction of the victim. As soon as the accused persons used to have a substantial amount in that Account, they used to approach the service provider of the Mobile Company of the victim to get a duplicate SIM so that the victim may not get the ALERTS from the Banks of those particular transactions. The members of the gang then used the user name and password of the Account to get the money transferred to a particular Account and thereafter other members of the gang used to start working and withdrew the money through cheque, through ATM or would transfer the money in different Account in different parts of the country. The accused persons used to siphon off money only from the Accounts in Multi National Banks as the transfer and withdrawal was comparatively fast in these Banks. RECOVERIES †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Rs. 30,000/- Cash and Rs. Four lakhs has been frozen in the Bank Accounts. †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Mobile phones used in the operation. PROFILE 1. Ajay Kumar Mishra s/o Parmeshwar Mishra r/o WZ-823, Palam, Village, Delhi, Prem Add:- VPO PS- Jainagar, Madhubani, Bihar is 45 years old and has studied up to B. Sc. (Pass) from LLMU, Darbhanga, Bihar. He came to Delhi in the year 1993 and joined a private company as an Accountant but claimed himself to be a CA. At present, he runs an office at Sector 6, Dwarka, Delhi providing Accounts Services and import / export consultancy. 2. Binay Kumar s/o Harish Chand r/o A-166, Devali road, Khanpur, Delhi, permanent address VPO- Kaitpwar, PS –Sakatpur, Darbhanga (Bihar) is 35 years old and has studied up to   B. A. and had worked as Account Assistant in different private companies. At present, he runs a Security Agency and HR Consultancy from his residence. 3. Ravi Shankar Pandey r/o A-63, near Rama Public School, New Gopal Nagar Extn. Najafgarh, Delhi is 45 years old and has studied up to class 10th. He is in the business of printing. 4. Jitender Kumar s/o S. R. Suman r/o 38/11, A Block, Amrit Vihar, Burari, Delhi is 40 years and has studied up to B. A. He works as Accounts Assistant in various companies. (DEVESH CHANDRA SRIVASTVA), IPS ADDL. COMMISSIONER OF POLICE, CENTRAL DISTRICT, DELHI. [pic]PRESS RELEASE | | | |[pic] | [pic][pic] |SOUTH WEST DISTT. | | |   | Dated: 09/01/2013 BLIND GRUESOME MURDER CASE WORKED OUT IN NO TIME. You read "Delhi Police Achievement" in category "Papers" TWO ARRESTED. MOBILE PHONE OF DECEASED, WEAPON OF OFFENCE I. E KNIFE MOTORCYCLE USED IN COMMISSION OF CRIME RECOVERED | | | |Highlights:- | | |†¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Gruesome blind murder case of a Delhi Jal Board driver solved. | | |†¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Deceased developed obsession towards accused’s young daughter, which led to his murder. | |†¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Two persons arrested | | |†¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Weapon of offence i. e. knife recovered. | | |†¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Mobile phone, shoes of the deceased and three broken sim cards have been recovered. | | |†¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Motorcycle used in commission of crime has also been recovered. | | |   | | | | | |   | With the arrest of two accused persons viz (1) Lady and (2)Rakesh (aged-24yrs) `s/o Nathhu Lal r/o Village Khajuri, Delhi, PS Bindapur, South-West District Police has worked out a case of brutal murder, which occurred on the evening of 06/01/2013 in the area of Mohan Garden, Uttam Nagar. Weapon of offence i. e. knife, mobile phone and shoes of the deceased, and motorcycle used in commission of crime have been recovered. GIST OF CASE On 06/01/13 a PCR call was received vide DD No. 60B at 10. 34 PM at PS Bindapur regarding an unclaimed suitcase lying in D- Block, Phase-I, J J Colony, Dwarka Sec- 3. I. O. SI Ashok Kumar along with staff reached at the spot where foul smell was emanating from the Suitcase which was wrapped in a quilt. Finding the matter suspicious SHO/Bindapur and crime team were called at the spot and opened the suitcase in which a male dead body aged about 30-35 years was found bundled. On inspection throat was found slit with a sharp edge weapon and a polythene was found tied around the neck. The corpse was shown to the number of passerby and neighbourers but despite best efforts the identity of the dead body couldn’t be established. Bereft of any alternative a case of murder vide FIR No. 0/13 u/s 302/201 IPC PS Bindapur was registered on DD No. 60B and investigation was taken up in right earnest. BREAKTHROUGH At the outset, to establish the identity of the deceased was the challenge before the police. Message in the context of details and descriptions of unknown dead body was flashed. Crack teams were formed and were dispatched to the adjacent Police Station s. During this exercise, a team led by SI Ashok came to know that a person is missing from the area of Mohan Garden, Uttam Nagar. The information was further developed and photograph of the deceased was shown to the family members i. . elder brother of deceased. Finally the hard work bore fruits and the identity of the deceased was established as Inder s/o Rajvir Singh r/o L- 2/C- 49, Mohan Garden, Uttam Nagar. After establishing the identity of the deceased, Police launched a massive manhunt to trace the culprits. Local enquiries were made by the Police to extract clues about the last seen of the deceased. Sensing the gravity of the case a special team comprising Inspr. Rajvir Singh Lamba SHO/Bindapur, Inspr. Subhash Chand Inspr. /Investigation Bindapur, SI Ashok Kumar, H. Ct. Rohtash, Ct. Dinesh under the supervision of Sh. M. S Dabas, ACP/Dabri was constituted. The team had   a detailed investigation plan and started to pursue the available leads. The team did survey the areas adjoining the scence of crime at about the same time the following night to simulate and recreate the incident. During this exercise, the police team managed to unearth some vital clues. It was transpired that the deceased had illicit relation with one lady. The team got retrieved and analysed the CDR of the deceased and suspect lady. The analyses depicted that the deceased and lady had frequents talks on the mobile. Accordingly, the lady was interrogated by two different teams at length, who was resiling from her version each time, who also deposed that she had cordial relation with the deceased and is no more concerned with the death of Inder,   however the same version was contradicted by the various circumstances collected by the police. It turned out that deceased had frequent visits in her house, which resulted in developing relations with her. Of late, the deceased also started having an evil eye on her young daughter, which was the bone of contention. The deceased was warned by the lady and even a quarrel ensued between the duo. Police did lot of ground work in this context. As the probe intensified and the matter was minutely and deeply focused, prima-facie it appeared that the lady (friend of deceased) is dodging Police and was actively involved in the murder of Inder. Reversing back step by step it transpired that on the evening of 06/01/13, Inder was in the house of the lady. Above circumstantial evidences pointed the needle of suspicion towards her and her two associates. Her contradictory statements were exposed and finally she broke down. She confessed to have murdered her friend and packed his body in a suitcase which was dumped in he area of J J Colony, Phase- I, Dwarka, Sec-3. INTERROGATION CONFESSION Accused lady was subjected to sustained interrogation, who revealed that Inder(deceased) was her friend. He had frequent visits in her house. Of late, he became obsessed with her daughter   for which Inder   was warned but he did not mend his way. All means/sources were exhausted by her to save t he dignity of her daughter but the deceased did not mend his ways, thus she decided to eliminate him. She took the help of her brother Rakesh Kumar and his associate (friend of Rakesh). As per plan, Inder was called at her house. Tea was offered, which was laced with sleeping pills. When Inder became stupor, she brought knife from kitchen and gave to Rakesh. She caught hold of hands of Inder andhis associate sat on the legs of Inder. Rakesh slit the throat with the knife. After confirming the death of Inder, they bundled the body and wrapped it   in a gunny bag, Thereafter it was stuffed in a suitcase. The suitcase was further wrapped in a quilt and same was dumped in the area of J J Colony, Phase- I, Dwarka Sec- 3. Accused lady was produced before the concerned court and her one day PC remand was taken. On her pointing out, accused namely Rakesh has been apprehended. Material evidences i. e. shoes of deceased, mobile phone of deceased and three broken sim cards of deceased, motorcycle used in commission of crime, weapon of offence i. e. knife have also been recovered at the instance of duo. NAME AND PROFILE OF ACCUSED PERSONS ACCUSED NO. 1   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     lady Accused is an illiterate and a house wife. She has three children. Her husband is a causal painter. Deceased helped the accused financially on several occasions. Deceased got the advantage of the same and developed physical relation with the accused. To this extend accused tolerated everything but could not digest the matter when deceased showed interest towards her young daughter. First she warned the deceased when he did not mend his way. He was murdered as per plan. Further startling facts emerged that accused arranged the weapon of offence i. e. Knife, called the deceased at her resident, offered tea by adding intoxicants ACCUSED NO. 2 Name  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   -Rakesh Father’s Name  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   – Nathhu Lal Address  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   – Village- Khajuri , Bhajanpura, Delhi. Age  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   -24yrs Education  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   -illiterate Present job  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   -Private job Family status   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   -poor Accused is an illiterate. He is unmarried and originally hails from Rajasthan and has rental accommodation in Village Khajuri. RECOVERY -Weapons of offence i. e. knife. -Mobile phone of deceased and three broken sim cards. -Shoes of deceased. -Motorcycle used in commission of crime. Further investigation is in progress and staff involved in this good work is being suitably rewarded. (ANIL KUMAR OJHA) IPS     Ã‚   ADDL. COMMISSIONER OF POLICE SOUTH-WEST DISTT. NEW DELHI Dated 09. 01. 13 MAID SERVANT WITH PARAMOUR ARRESTED – STOLEN MONEY RS. 4 LAKHS RECOVERED The staff of Police Station Janak Puri has nabbed a m aid servant namely Nomee D/o Late Oklu Tete R/o Village Mokhra, Post Office Ponikele, PS Gumla Distt. Gumla Jharkhand with her boy friend namely Santosh Kumar Sahu S/o Sh. Harihar Prashad Sahu R/o Village Katia, Post Office Jeetu Toli, PS Bano, Distt. Seendega Jharkhand. With the arrest of this maid and her boy friend, a case of servant theft registered vide FIR No. 06/13, U/s 381/34 IPC PS Janak Puri has been worked out and stolen amount Rs. Four Lacs has been recovered. PROFILES OF THE ACCUSED 1. Nomee D/o Late Oklu Tete was born in Village Mokhra, Post Office Ponikele, PS Gumla Distt. Gumla Jharkhand, age 20 years. She studied up to 5th class and due to poverty, she could not continue her study and came to Ghaziabad UP and worked there as a Maid around 1 ? years and thereafter worked as a Maid Surya Nagar and Gurgoan. Now for the last three weeks she was working at C-3/239 Janak Puri. 2. Santosh Kumar Sahu S/o Sh. Harihar Prashad Sahu was born in Village Katia, Post Office Jeetu Toli, PS Bano, Distt. Seendega Jharkhand age 26 years. He could not persue his further studies so came to Delhi. He worked in a placement agency at Tilak Nagar and also worked as a cook servant in the area of Nariana and Tilak Nagar. Now he is working in the SLG Placement Agency Berri Wala Bagh Hari Nagar Delhi. RECOVERY Stolen Rs 4 Lacs recovered. INCIDENT On 07. 01. 13 complainant Dr. Ajay Gupta R/O C-3/239 Janak Puri made a PCR Call that his maid servant is missing and on 08. 01. 13 he has reported that amount of Rs. four Lacs has been stolen from his house and it might be stolen by his absconding maid. Dr. Ajay Gupta had not got the servant verification done from Police. TEAM On the direction of ACP/Vikas Puri Sh. Prakash Chander Mann and under the leadership of Insp. H. S. P. Singh, SHO/ Janakpuri, a team comprising of SI Karambir Singh, HC Bijender, Ct. Harjinder Singh, Ct Yoginder, and W/Ct Rakhi was constituted. Information was developed and it was found from the SLG Placement Agency situated at Beri Wala Bagh Hari Nagar, through whom the maid was employed that she had intimacy with one Santosh Kumar Sahu working in the SLG Placement agency. Raid was conducted at the residence of Santosh Kumar Sahu S/o Harhar Prashad at RZ-209, Gali No. 10, West Sagarpur Delhi and both were apprehended. INTERROGATION  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   During sustained interrogation they admitted their guilt. Sahu could not proceed further studies so came in Delhi. He worked in a placement agency at Tilak Nagar and also worked as a cook in Nariana and Tilak Nagar. Now he is working with the SLG Placement Agency Berri Wala Bagh Hari Nagar Delhi where he came in contact of Nomee. Gradually he became friend of Nomee and both fell in love and wanted to get married. To accomplish their goals, they made a plan to steal the huge amount of money so that they can get married and settle down. Staff involved in good work is being rewarded suitably. (V. Renganathan) IPS Addl. Commissioner of Police,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   West District, New Delhi. [pic] NORTH- WEST DISTT. DATED 9, JAN. 2013 PRESS RELEASE AUTO-LIFTER ARRESTED With the arrest of one auto-lifter namely Ravi @ Kala on 8. 1. 13, the Anti Auto Theft Squad of North-West District has recovered one stolen vehicle. (1)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Ravi @ Kala s/o Dilbagh Singh R/o H. No. 436/31 Gali No. 2 New   Court Road Ashok Vihar Sonipat Haryana. Age-28 yrs. INCIDENT: On 8. 1. 13, a secret information was received in AATS/North West District that one person would come on a stolen Scorpio near M2K Mall (NSP) Subhash Place to dispose off the same. On this information, a team of A. A. T. S. comprising of the officials mention below laid a trap near M2K Mall(NSP) Subhash Place and apprehended one youth with one Scorpio bearing No. DL-3CAA 4511 Silver Colour. Later on, the youth was identified as Ravi @ Kala s/o Dilbagh Singh R/o H. No. 436/31 Gali No. 2, New   Court Road, Ashok Vihar, Sonipat, Haryana (aged 28 years). He was asked to produce the papers of the said vehicle which he could not produce. The engine and chassis numbers of the said vehicle were verified from AUTO MATCH and ZIP NET, and it was found that the said vehicle is stolen vide FIR No. 293/12 dated 17. 11. 12 u/s 379 IPC PS Nangloi, Delhi. Subsequently he was arrested vide   DD No. 45-A dated 8. 1. 2013 u/s 41. 1(d)/102 Cr. P. C PS Subhash Place, Delhi INTERROGATION: On sustained interrogation, accused Ravi@ Kala revealed that   he used to steal vehicles from different parts of Delhi with his associates Sikander and Amir both resident of   Distt. Mujaffarnagar,   UP. On further interrogation, the accused   Ravi@ Kala disclosed that   he has also stolen one Tata Safari with his associates Sikander and Amir from Anand Vihar Delhi which was left abandoned   in Sonipat, Haryana when police picket tried to stop them . TEAM: A special team was constituted under the close supervision of ACP/Operations North-West Distt . Sh . Aas Mohd. with the following officers. 1. Insp. Satya   Pal  Ã‚  Ã‚   No. D-I/599  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   I/C   AATS. 2. SI Sukram Pal No. D-1498 3. HC Naresh Kumar   No. 642/NW  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   4. HC Surender Kumar   No. 581/NW 5. HC   Pawan Kr. No. 23/NW  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   6. HC   Krishan Pal No. 1361/NW 7. Ct  Ã‚   Jagdish No. 879/NW  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   8. Ct. Shohan lal Tyagi,   No. 1 898/NW 9. Ct Mahesh Kumar No. 512/NW 10. Ct. Raman Kumar No. 2058/NW 11. Ct. Vikash Kr. No. 1333/NW RECOVERY One stolen Scorpio No. DL 3CAA 4511 CASES WORKED OUT (1)   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   FIR No. 293/12 dated 17. 11. 12 u/s 379 IPC PS Nangloi, Delhi   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   (2)  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   FIR No. 331/12 dated 21. 11. 12 u/s 379 IPC PS Anand Vihar, Delhi PROFILE OF ACCUSED PERSONS Accused Ravi @ Kala has studied upto 10th class from Haryana and belongs to a lower middle class family. His father is a farmer. He has one previous criminal record. Accused Ravi @ Kala came in contact of Sikander and Amir(both resident of Uttar Pradesh) and started stealing   the   Ã‚  vehicles for quick money. The concerned Police Stations have been informed about his involvements/arrest. Sincere efforts are being made to arrest his associates. (M. A RIZVI)   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   DY. COMMISSIONER OF POLICE,   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚   NORTH-WEST DISTT. ,DELHI. Dated: 09. 01. 013   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   South-East District police in association with Justice Sunanda Bhanda re Foundation is organizing a Gender Sensitization programme for police officers of the district on 10. 01. 2013 at Conference Hall, South-East District, PS Sarita Vihar from 1100 Hrs onwards. The programme aims at giving insights to the police officers into gender relations and strengthening their professional approach with effective policing of city public spaces through swift and sensitive response to crime especially against women. Addl. Commissioner of Police South-East District, New Delhi. How to cite Delhi Police Achievement, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Role of Information and Communication Technology in Banking in Nepal free essay sample

The use of information and communication technology has taken wider scope in the banking sectors than previous years because of the reach of the people to the ICT infrastructure and easy availability of its products. The use of ICT has been for long time in the western countries such as USA, UK, Australia and many more. However, the easy access to internet and other smart ICT product has made easier deployment of technology to the developing countries. In the context, Nepal is one of the countries who came late in the deployment such new technology in the banking sector. Deployment of new ICT has always been challenging in the banking sector of country like Nepal to compete in market. As part of WTO (world Trade Organization) Nepal has opened its door to the global market. Banking in context of Nepal dated back to 15th of November 1937. Before that all the financial transaction was done by the private lenders without the any certain norms and the rules. We will write a custom essay sample on Role of Information and Communication Technology in Banking in Nepal or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The bank established on that day was Nepal bank limited which is a commercial bank. After many years of planning and conceptualization, a central or reserve bank was formed as â€Å"Nepal Rastra Bank† monitoring and mentoring the entire banking sectors of Nepal. The major banks of Nepal have now implemented new technology to render service to their client. The technologies they are using are ATMs on major cities, online banking system, and mobile banking system. The use of ATM allows clients to access their cash any time when they are in need of it. Moreover, the implementation of online and mobile banking allows flexibility and comfort to the client to track their savings and spending and also provide the facility of online purchase and payments. By the use this types of information and communication technology has helped to grow the benefits of the institution and simplify the daily operation of the organization.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Edmund Fitzgerald essays

Edmund Fitzgerald essays The Edmund Fitzgerald was built in River Rouge, Michigan in 1958 with the hull number 301 (McCall) . The job was completed with the help of one thousand men. The Fitzgerald was seven hundred twenty nine feet long and was the largest freighter on the Great Lakes at the time. Mrs. Edmund Fitzgerald christened it on June 8, 1958 before sliding into the Detroit River (Nolan) . The Fitzgerald set numerous shipping records before its last voyage. In 1964 it became the first Great Lakes vessel to carry more than a million gross tons of ore through the Soo Locks. It then broke its own record by hauling 1.2 million tons through the Locks (Stonehouse 13) . This is why the Fitzgerald was labeled "The Pride of the American Flag" (Stonehouse 13) . Over the years people have speculated what actually happened to the Edmund Fitzgerald. Nobody witnessed the Fitzgerald actually sink so there are many theories of what people think happened. Studies of the wreckage and the sight of where it went down disproved all the theories. Based on the weather conditions, the boats condition, its last voyage, and the Marine Casualty Report an answer of the cause was concluded. The storm was generated over the Oklahoma Panhandle on November 8, 1975. It moved northeasterly towards the Lake Superior. On November 9, the National Weather Service issued warnings of winds of thirty-four to forty-seven knots for Lake Superior ("Marine Accident Report") . They also predicted rain and thunderstorms with waves eight to fifteen feet. At 1:00 a.m. on November 10, the Fitzgerald reported winds at fifty-two knots and waves ten feet tall. At this time the Fitzgerald was twenty miles south of Isle Royal. An hour later the National Weather Service issued a storm warning. The NWS predicted winds now thirty-five to fifty knots northeasterly with waves eight to fifteen feet. At 7:00 a.m. the Fitzgerald was forty-five miles north of Copper Harbor, Michigan and re...

Monday, March 2, 2020

Twas The Night Before Christmas Reading Comprehension

Twas The Night Before Christmas Reading Comprehension Twas The Night Before Christmas is one of the most traditional Christmas readings in English speaking countries. Written in 1822 by Clement C. Moore, Twas The Night Before Christmas tells the story of Santas arrival on Christmas Eve at a typical American household. Imagine it is Christmas Eve and you are sitting around the fireplace drinking a nice cup of Egg Nog (a typical Christmas drink made with eggs, cinnamon, milk and other ingredients sometimes including a good bit of rum) anxiously awaiting Christmas Eve. Outside the snow is falling and all the family is together. Finally, someone in the family takes out Twas The Night Before ChristmasBefore reading you may want to review some of the more difficult vocabulary listed after the story. Twas The Night Before Christmas Twas The Night Before Christmas, when all through the houseNot a creature was stirring, not even a mouse;The stockings were hung by the chimney with care,In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there;The children were nestled all snug in their beds,While visions of sugar-plums danced in their heads;And mamma in her kerchief, and I in my cap,Had just settled down for a long winters nap,When out on the lawn there arose such a clatter,I sprang from the bed to see what was the matter.Away to the window I flew like a flash,Tore open the shutters and threw up the sash.The moon on the breast of the new-fallen snowGave the lustre of mid-day to objects below,When, what to my wondering eyes should appear,But a miniature sleigh, and eight tiny reindeer,With a little old driver, so lively and quick,I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick.More rapid than eagles his coursers they came,And he whistled, and shouted, and called them by name;Now, Dasher! now, Dancer! now, Prancer and Vixen!On, Comet! on Cupid! on, Donder and Blitzen!To the top of the porch! to the top of the wall!Now dash away! dash away! dash away all!As dry leaves that before the wild hurricane fly,When they meet with an obstacle, mount to the sky,So up to the house-top the coursers they flew,With the sleigh full of toys, and St. Nicholas too.And then, in a twinkling, I heard on the roofThe prancing and pawing of each little hoof.As I drew in my hand, and was turning around,Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound.He was dressed all in fur, from his head to his foot,And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and soot;A bundle of toys he had flung on his back,And he looked like a peddler just opening his pack.His eyes how they twinkled! his dimples how merry!His cheeks were like roses, his nose like a cherry!His droll little mouth was drawn up like a bow,And the beard of his chin was as white as the snow;The stump of a pipe he held tight in his teeth,And the smoke it encircled his head like a wreath; He had a broad face and a little round belly,That shook, when he laughed like a bowlful of jelly. He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf,And I laughed when I saw him, in spite of myself;A wink of his eye and a twist of his head,Soon gave me to know I had nothing to dread;He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work,And filled all the stockings; then turned with a jerk,And laying his finger aside of his nose,And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose;He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle,And away they all flew like the down of a thistle.But I heard him exclaim, ere he drove out of sight,Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good-night. Important Vocabulary This version of the story highlights difficult vocabulary in bold. English learners or classes can first learn difficult vocabulary and then move on to listening or reading the story themselves in class. Reading through Twas The Night Before Christmas also makes a great pronunciation exercise for the whole class. The vocabulary is in the order it appears in Twas The Night Before ChristmasTwas It wasstirring movementnestled comfortably in placekerchief handkerchiefclatter noisesash window covering that is pulled down from inside the roomshutters window covering that is opened from outside the windowlustre glow, illuminationsleigh Santa Claus vehicle, also used in Alaska with dogsSt. Nick Santa ClausCoursers Animals which draw a sleighPorch terracedash away move onwards quicklytwinkling a secondbound a jumptarnished dirtysoot black waste material found inside a chimneybundle bagpeddler someone who sells things on the streetdimples indentations on the cheeksmerry happydroll funnyencircled circle aroundbelly stomachdread to be afraid ofjerk quick movementdown of a thistle the light material on a certain type of weed that floats away in the airere before